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State Department Daily Press Briefing, April 19

19 April 2011

U.S. Department of State
On-Camera Daily Press Briefing Index
Tuesday, April 19, 2011
1:50 PM EDT

Briefer: Mark Toner, Acting Deputy Spokesman

LIBYA
— No Ground Troops / Benghazi / Improving Communications / Ways to Help the Opposition / Progress in Berlin and Doha / Financial Assistance / Humanitarian Assistance / DART Team / Role of Chris Stevens / British Efforts / Flying Support Operations / Security Council Resolutions / Assessing Needs / Misrata / Qadhafi’s Forces / No-Fly Zone / Applying Pressure / Protecting Civilians / Defections

AFGHANISTAN
— Challenge / Making Progress / Speaker Boehner Travel

SYRIA
— Emergency Law / Demonstrations / President Asad / Human Rights Council

NORTH KOREA
— Sanctions / Arms Control Export Act

RUSSIA
— Double Murder Suspect / Extradition Treaty

NIGERIA
— Election, President Goodluck Jonathan / Acts of Violence

CHINA
— Tibetan Monastery / Recent Trend of Arrests and Detentions
— Debt / Bilateral Relationship

BURMA
— Senior Official / Two-Track Approach / Outreach / Deep Concerns / Congressional Mandate

NEPAL
— How to Support in Extending Peace

ISRAEL/PALESTINIANS
— Need to Begin Talking Again, Direct Negotiations
— Congressional Invitation to Prime Minister Netanyahu / Useful to Talk about Issues

SRI LANKA
— Accountability / UN Report

CUBA
— U.S. Focused on Getting Cuban People More Access to Freedom of Information

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
DAILY PRESS BRIEFING
DPB # 55

TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 2011
(ON THE RECORD UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED)

1:50 p.m. EDT

MR. TONER: I’ll go right to your questions.

Matt.

QUESTION: Yeah. The Brits today announced that they’re going to be sending some military advisors to the – to help out the TNC in Benghazi, and the EU is looking at trying to get authorization to send ground troops in to protect the humanitarian corridor for humanitarian aid to get through. What do you guys think of this, and are you considering the same things?

MR. TONER: Well, Matt, just in reference to ground troops, the President was clear at the onset of this operation that U.S. would not be putting in troops into Libya. We do have a representative in Benghazi. He has been consulting closely with the TNC, with representatives there. We are also obviously in close contact with our other allies on the ground there, the UK and others, talking about all of these possibilities and ways to improve communications and ways to help the opposition in its struggle.

QUESTION: And Chris Stevens has been there for how long now?

MR. TONER: I believe a week and a half, going on two weeks.

QUESTION: Yeah. Just about two weeks --

MR. TONER: And he’ll stay there as long as it remains productive.

QUESTION: Right. Well --

MR. TONER: It’s productive to have somebody on the ground with the –

QUESTION: Has he --

MR. TONER: -- to interact with the TNC.

QUESTION: Has he come to no conclusion yet about – I mean, two weeks is a long – it’s a long time and when you --

MR. TONER: Well, I mean, I think we’ve made – look, I think we made a lot of progress both in Berlin and in Doha last week.

QUESTION: Well, what exactly has changed?

MR. TONER: And – just let me finish. And Chris’s input is feeding into that analysis. Out of Doha last week, there was a statement about setting up a temporary financial mechanism. It’s still being fleshed out, but the idea behind that is to get financial assistance to the TNC so that they can continue to operate. And there’s other mechanisms being looked at in order to help both – well, in terms of nonlethal assistance to help out the opposition.

We are obviously very much aware of the situation in places like Misrata and the urgency of the situation. But again, it is very useful to have Chris on the ground giving us those kinds of real-time feedback.

QUESTION: I don’t doubt that it is very useful to have him on the ground. I’m just trying to figure out what exactly it – has changed since he got there. What is the U.S. doing for the opposition, for the TNC now, that it wasn’t doing two weeks ago?

MR. TONER: Well, again, there’s this temporary financial mechanism that truthfully – it truthfully hasn’t been --

QUESTION: (Off-mike.)

MR. TONER: No, but I’m just saying that we are progressing along a line here in terms of what we’re doing for the TNC. We’re establishing contacts on the ground. We’re certainly providing humanitarian assistance and we’ve got a DART team on the ground who’s helping coordinate that. There are things underway. They’re incremental steps. But we are trying to help them out. We’re both fleshing out our understanding of what their needs are, and as we move forward we’re going to keep trying to increase our assistance.

QUESTION: Yeah. But if you don’t know after two weeks what their needs are, how long is it going to – I mean, how long is this going to take?

MR. TONER: Well --

QUESTION: And in the meantime, you’ve got Qadhafi’s forces hammering away at Misrata, hundreds of people dying, and you’re still waiting for input from a guy who has been there for two weeks already?

MR. TONER: But again, I want to – there’s not a – Chris is there on the ground. He’s playing a useful role both coordinating with the TNC, he is assessing their needs, he is helping. His experience there, his input, is helping us get a better understanding of who they are, what their needs are, and that will help moving forward. But he’s also there to serve as a liaison, so he’s going to be there as long as his role there remains productive.

QUESTION: Fair enough, and then I’ll drop it after this.

MR. TONER: Yeah, sure.

QUESTION: But I mean, it’s – you’ve been assessing --

MR. TONER: No --

QUESTION: -- who they are and what they want and what they’re going to do for longer than the time that he’s been on the ground there. It’s been since the Secretary met with Jibril in Paris back early last month or mid last month. And now here it is the 19th of April, and nothing – and you still say you’re assessing. So where are you in this assessment?

MR. TONER: Well, I do think we’re progressing, and I said – as I said, in Doha last week there was the broad recognition among participants there that we needed to set in place some kind of financial mechanism that can help the opposition remain operational on the ground. And we realize they’re short of funds and that they need that kind of assistance to continue, but that’s being fleshed out right now, and we’re also looking at other terms of non-lethal assistance. I don’t have anything to announce right now, but it is being worked.

QUESTION: So the bottom line is that nothing – you are giving the rebels – the opposition nothing more now than you were two weeks ago or –

MR. TONER: Well, again, I wouldn’t say that – I mean, NATO’s operations are continuing –

QUESTION: Mark, I’m talking about just the U.S.

MR. TONER: Yeah. Okay. Sorry.

QUESTION: Just – not NATO.

MR. TONER: But, I mean – but the U.S. is playing a role in those operations, so –

QUESTION: Well –

MR. TONER: I don’t want to say that we’re somehow stalled. That’s not the case.

QUESTION: Well, the Brits are sending in these military advisors, and other countries are doing things – the French have recognized them.

MR. TONER: And we appreciate those efforts.

QUESTION: The Italians have recognized them.

MR. TONER: We appreciate those efforts. We appreciate the fact that –

QUESTION: But you’ve done nothing.

MR. TONER: Well, that’s not true. Again, in Operation Unified Protector, we’ve provided capabilities up front to set up that no-fly zone.

QUESTION: Yeah. (Inaudible) is part of the –

MR. TONER: We continue to provide support operations. We continue to fly support operations in terms of suppressing enemy air defenses and in-air refueling and other capabilities that we bring to the task. We are looking at a temporary financial mechanism that’ll help sustain the TNC going forward. There are things underway. We’re looking at other aspects of this –

QUESTION: But all of those are multilateral things. They’re things that you’re doing – they’re not things that the U.S. is doing on its own. Correct?

MR. TONER: Correct.

QUESTION: Okay.

QUESTION: When do you think you might actually take some action, more than you have taken now?

MR. TONER: Well, again, I don’t want to –

QUESTION: I mean, you keep saying that it’s urgent, and you keep saying that there’s a lot of concern about Misrata. I mean, those are all heavy words to use, but it doesn’t actually coordinate with what it is you’re actually doing on the ground.

MR. TONER: But again, there is – there’s actually been a lot done in terms of Libya in a very short span of time when you consider that it’s all been done on a multilateral basis: the standing up of two UN Security Council resolutions and the implementation of both of them, including one that involved a no-fly zone and a civilian protection component, getting NATO on board, and now looking at, again, in a coordinated multilateral fashion, how we can get them financial assistance that they can use to keep operating. Other partners and allies, as Matt mentioned, are also considering other roles to play, and have been –

QUESTION: What about going forward? This is all –

MR. TONER: Well, I know that. I’m just trying to put it in context here. And going forward, we’re considering, as I said, a number of non-lethal assistance options –

QUESTION: And when –

MR. TONER: -- on – in terms of arming the rebels, that option has not been taken off the table. All options remain on the table. I can’t predict how – I think things have moved along at a quick pace. I can’t predict when these next steps will happen, but I can assure you that, both within the State Department and on an interagency basis, we’re working hard on this issue.

Go ahead, Jill.

QUESTION: Mark, what are the questions that the U.S. wants answered? What don’t you know yet?

MR. TONER: About – is this about recognition again?

QUESTION: Some – well, it could – not necessarily –

MR. TONER: Or just --

QUESTION: -- recognition, but just next steps to help. You keep saying we need more information. What exactly do you want to know?

MR. TONER: Well, again, I – it’s not – I mean, to a certain extent, yes, we’re always assessing the opposition and their needs. But it’s also a matter of – we’re also always considering, like I said, next steps on what we can provide them with in terms of non-lethal assistance, and those things are underway. As I said, there’s an interagency process underway here that’s looking at all these options and making progress on them.

QUESTION: Mark –

MR. TONER: I mean, we are – we do recognize there’s an urgency here. We’re working, we feel, quickly with our international partners and within the U.S. Government to make sure we respond.

QUESTION: Well, can you just (inaudible) --

QUESTION: What are the –

QUESTION: -- just a little bit more specificity on what you need to know. Let’s say you’re saying, all right, potentially you could arm them. What are the issues, the questions that have to be answered before you would arm them?

MR. TONER: Well, again, the opposition in Libya is – it’s becoming more coherent, but it was a group of disparate individuals that has formed in the face of Qadhafi’s onslaught and oppression, and has done a good job, frankly, at coalescing, at forming a leadership, at creating certain values and communicating those values and ideals. We’re encouraged by what we’ve seen.

In terms of assessing their needs, certainly there’s humanitarian needs that are at the forefront right now, considering the pressure they’re under. But we’re looking at other forms of assistance, as I said.

Yeah.

QUESTION: One of the opposition spokesmen was quoted as saying that there were 10,000 fatalities since the fighting began. Do you have any means of assessing the accuracy of that?

MR. TONER: I really don’t have any way to corroborate that figure. No.

QUESTION: Mark, can I just finish --

MR. TONER: Yeah. Sure. Go ahead.

QUESTIONS: -- Jill’s questions –

MR. TONER: Yeah. Go ahead.

QUESTION: -- which basically was: What are the benchmarks that have to be met for the U.S. to go ahead and arm the rebels?

MR. TONER: I don’t know that there are specific benchmarks. I think we’re looking at a variety of options as we move forward. We continue to believe the key here is to protect the civilian population and to keep this no-fly zone. And I understand fully that Misrata poses certain challenges in this regard. And we’ve all been I think pretty upfront about saying that those are challenges that Qadhafi’s forces have adapted. They’ve infiltrated. And it’s been hard, from whatever 10,000 feet to hit some of these targets and to do a better job at protecting Misrata and enforcing that civilian protection aspect of it.

But that said, NATO talked today about Misrata. And they are hitting targets around there, surface-to-air missiles, tanks, three air defense missile sites, one mobile rocket launcher. So they are making progress on the Misrata component.

QUESTION: I’m not not interested in Misrata, but I am interested in some sort of specificity about arming the rebels.

MR. TONER: No, sorry. So just to continue – (laughter) – okay.

QUESTION: I apologize.

MR. TONER: So that’s the key component right now is this civilian protection, no-fly zone. We’re also looking at other ways – diplomatic pressure on Qadhafi continuing with the arms embargo, financial sanctions to put pressure on him and his regime to convince them that they need to step aside. If there is a way to do this, as I think Secretary – or Ambassador Rice said a couple of weeks ago, it doesn’t necessarily need to be done through the barrel of a gun. It can be done through diplomatic pressure. And we’re continuing to look at ways to apply that pressure.

QUESTION: If I can go back, one point what Matt made, three weeks ago also, I asked the same question I asked, that how long – how much time you will be giving to Qadhafi, and in the meantime, he will be slaughtering his own people, still he is doing, like Matt said. So how long now you will allow him to continue to kill his own people or slaughter them?

MR. TONER: Well, I mean, you’re right, Goyal, that he has flaunted every UN Security Council Resolution. He has talked about ceasefires and then continued to assault cities, and shows absolutely no concern for the welfare of the citizens of Libya. And, again, we are -- our focus remains on trying to protect those civilians through NATO’s operation. We’re obviously looking at a number of options going forward, and we’re going to continue to put pressure on him and his regime to make them step down.

QUESTION: Is this something either NATO is not capable of doing – I don’t mean the job, but to bring him down or stop what he is doing against his own people, or –

MR. TONER: Sure, Goyal.

QUESTION: -- there’s a pressure from China and Russia and others, because of their national interests with Libya?

MR. TONER: Well, Goyal, it’s a good question. NATO was never about – UN Security Council Resolution 1973 was never about removing Qadhafi from power. It was about stopping his assaults on Benghazi and other places. And obviously we were successful in Benghazi. He’s in Misrata now; that remains a challenge. But, again, we – the other side of this is continuing to apply the necessary diplomatic pressure, the financial sanctions, what have you, to make him – convince him to step aside.

Yeah. Go ahead.

QUESTION: Can I just – I just want to try this one more time. So in order to recognize and/or arm the opposition, you need to know more about them, who they are. So what don’t you know?

MR. TONER: Well, again, there is this idea that recognition is somehow the be all and end all. There is lots we can do for the opposition before or short of recognition. So I don’t want to imply that there’s some kind of –

QUESTION: So what have you done?

MR. TONER: Well, again, we’re continuing to assess their needs. We’re trying to figure out how we can be helpful in terms of non-lethal assistance at this point. It’s also recognition is not necessarily linked to arming the rebels. We’re still considering that option. So I don’t want to create the idea or the notion that somehow they’re all linked up, and when we – when and if we do recognize them, that’s going to set in motion other things. This is happening on a continuum. There’s a lot of different strands to this. But we continue to evaluate them and to figure out how we can best assist them.

Yeah. Go ahead, Jill.

QUESTION: On the diplomatic side, we had Musa Kusa a little while ago leaving. Are there any other signs that diplomacy is working, concrete signs?

MR. TONER: It’s a fair question. We did have Musa Kusa’s defection, which did show that his inner circle was obviously feeling the heat. We’ve not seen any recent defections, obviously. But we believe that they continue to feel that heat, and we just would urge them to recognize that they’re part of a failed regime that needs to step aside.

QUESTION: Mark, if there are a lot of ways to help or assist the opposition, the TNC, or whether it be the TNC or whether it be the actual armed rebels, short of recognizing them or short of arming them, which you say there are ways, why aren’t you doing any of them?

MR. TONER: Well, again, there’s a couple of things here. One is getting them the financial wherewithal, and I talked about that. And that is taking some time. It’s not just a matter of –

QUESTION: Well, but wait, wait. That isn’t something that came out of Doha. That’s an international thing.

MR. TONER: Right. But an international effort that –

QUESTION: Well –

MR. TONER: -- other – that –

QUESTION: Yeah.

MR. TONER: -- individual countries are going to –

QUESTION: But the U.S. is in a position, if it wants to, to do things similar to what, say, the Brits have done today or what they have announced they’re going to do, and what the Italians have done, what the French have done. Why haven’t you done anything?

MR. TONER: Well, again, I’m not going to – it’s – look, what our partners and allies have done or are doing or are talking about doing in terms of Libya, we obviously support their efforts. They have been vital partners in this whole process, and we believe they are playing a very productive and constructive role. But that doesn’t mean necessarily that we’re going to follow suit or bring our capabilities to bear where they’re already bringing their capabilities to bear.

There’s a lot of aspects to this and pieces to it. We continue to provide capabilities where we can to be helpful. We’re going to keep talking to the opposition there. We’re going to keep Chris Stevens on the ground where he can be useful and play a productive role. Our DART team is there. I think we’re increasing their size or talking about increasing their size so they can help boost the humanitarian assistance. So, I mean, things are happening. I know it seems incremental to you all, but –

QUESTION: No. It doesn’t seem incremental. It seems like –

MR. TONER: It seems nonexistent?

QUESTION: Yes.

MR. TONER: Well, regardless, I –

QUESTION: It seems like it’s an increment of zero. (Laughter.)

MR. TONER: I can tell you that –

QUESTION: Flatlining all the way from –

MR. TONER: -- things are happening, and things are underway.

Yeah. Go ahead, Bob.

QUESTION: Qadhafi – his folks said today that they’ll attack in a Western military contingent that comes in even to support humanitarian operations. In light of that, does the U.S. think that that European idea is a good one?

MR. TONER: You said Qadhafi is going to attack any –

QUESTION: He’s announced that if any – if there’s any European military contingent that comes in, even just to protect the humanitarian side, he’ll go after them.

MR. TONER: Yeah. I haven’t seen those remarks, but it’s par for the course. I mean, he’s shown a complete and utter lack of – wait. He’s shown an utter disregard – Matt was looking at me ready to pounce – on – in terms of humanitarian aspects of this crisis. He clearly doesn’t care about his own people, so why would he care for Western forces? That said, our partners are sovereign nations and – make their own decisions.

Yeah. Go ahead.

QUESTION: New subject?

MR. TONER: Yes.

QUESTION: I have a question on Afghanistan and Nepal. First on Afghanistan, former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah is in the U.S. He has been – many are calling, maybe lobbying for his future in Afghanistan. He spoke at the Asia Society, and today he will be speaking at the Heritage Foundation. But he’s not very happy as far as President Karzai or things in Afghanistan are going or the future of Afghanistan according to him is not very bright at this time. What do you think what he told you or somebody back in the State Department?

MR. TONER: It’s a fair question. I’m not sure what we’ve had in terms of meetings. I can check on whether we’ve met or plan to meet with Abdullah Abdullah. I think we probably do. We’ll check on that for you. I mean, obviously – sorry, I’ll get to – I mean, obviously, Afghanistan remains a challenge. We believe we’re making progress both on the military front and in terms of pacifying new areas of the country, and then that allows then the governance to take hold and us to bring in the civilian component of our efforts there, and that’s really the only way. There’s no military solution, obviously, to the situation in Afghanistan. What needs to happen there is for the governance to – for the government to extend to more parts of the country, pacify more areas, and then really bring that civilian component to bear on improving lives on the ground.

QUESTION: In the same connection –

MR. TONER: But I agree it’s a challenging environment.

QUESTION: In the same connection, is Speaker John Boehner, who is in Pakistan, also his mission is about talking about Afghanistan or situation in Afghanistan?

MR. TONER: I’m sorry. You said –

QUESTION: John Boehner.

MR. TONER: He’s in Pakistan.

QUESTION: (Inaudible).

MR. TONER: Now – right. And what –

QUESTION: Something to do his visit as far as Afghanistan is concerned or –

MR. TONER: I would refer you to his office. I’m not aware of the – of his travel itinerary. You said is he going to Afghanistan?

QUESTION: Yeah. Either if he’s going to Afghanistan or not or if he’s getting any message from here.

MR. TONER: Well, again, he – I mean, he speaks for the Legislative Branch, but is, obviously, in close contact with the State Department and other organizations. But I would just refer you to his office for the details of his trip.

Yeah. Go ahead, Jill.

QUESTION: Syria?

MR. TONER: Syria is fine. Sure.

QUESTION: Lifting of the emergency law, what’s your response to that?

MR. TONER: Well, look, it’s unclear – we’ve seen some reports. It’s unclear whether they’ve passed legislation to lift the emergency law, but that a new law requiring protestors that – to receive permission from the interior ministry before holding demonstrations may be in play here. In light of some of the comments that we’ve seen from the interior minister, rather, this new legislation may prove as restrictive as the emergency law it replaced.

More fundamentally, there was more violence overnight, soldiers firing on peaceful protestors. Obviously, the violence there continues to raise serious concerns, and it remains clear that the Syrian Government needs to urgently implement broader reforms and to, again, to cease violence against peaceful protestors.

QUESTION: And what about the speech?

MR. TONER: Well, again, I mean, he’s spoken several times now. He has cast himself for a while now as a reformer. But again, we’ve seen a lot of words and not a lot of action. But ultimately, it’s really for the Syrian people to decide if he’s said enough and if he’s done enough and whether his government’s done enough.

Yeah. Go ahead.

QUESTION: So does the Secretary still consider him a reformer?

MR. TONER: I don’t think the Secretary ever said she considered him a reformer.

QUESTION: But she quoted somebody else.

MR. TONER: Yeah. Well, she did.

QUESTION: And one more question on Syria. There’s a report by AP saying the U.S. is opposing Syria’s candidacy to the U.N. Human Rights membership. Why are you opposing that?

MR. TONER: After what I just said? (Laughter.)

QUESTION: I need a sound bite. (Laughter.)

MR. TONER: Look -- fair enough. Look, I mean, we don’t normally talk about these sorts of things, but I think in this particular case we feel compelled to comment given Syria’s actions against its own people that we believe it would be inappropriate and hypocritical for Syria to join the Human Rights Council.

Yeah, go ahead.

QUESTION: One on North Korea. The Treasury imposed sanctions on North Korea’s Bank of East Land, and I think this is following on the executive order that the President issued last night. Can you just give some context on this? Why? Why now?

MR. TONER: Yeah. No, my understanding is this is a continuation of existing sanctions under the Arms Control Export Act and this was simply renewing that process. But obviously, when we’re talking about imports from North Korea, we’re not talking about a massive amount of -- I think it was, like, $9,000 last year or something worth of goods.

QUESTION: Exactly -- yeah, what kind of goods are those?

MR. TONER: Please, don’t ask me that question. (Laughter.) It’s not much.

QUESTION: Widgets?

MR. TONER: I mean, certainly -- no, I mean, it’s certainly not -- it’s a broad mix of different things. It really doesn't amount to much more than $10,000 worth of goods, so -- but again, I mean, this is part of -- we’re legally bound to continue existing sanctions under the Arms Control Export Act, and this executive order sets in motion a process that will allow that to continue.

QUESTION: So you don’t -- you don’t -- there’s no significance to the timing of this? I mean, considering -- I mean, this does --

MR. TONER: I mean, other than that, it was due to be re-implemented or re-upped or renewed.

Yeah. Slew of hands. Go ahead in the back.

QUESTION: Another topic?

MR. TONER: Sure.

QUESTION: Okay. Has State been tasked to press the Russians on a double murder suspect who fled New York over the weekend?

MR. TONER: I didn’t hear the first part of your question.

QUESTION: A double murder suspect fled New York over the weekend. NYPD believes he’s in Moscow. Has State been tasked to press the Russians on the whereabouts of this individual, and what is the general situation on extradition in situations like these with the Russians?

MR. TONER: We don’t -- first of all, let me just take your question, because I have no updates or no information on this particular case. It may very well be true, but I’ll find out what we’ve been asked to do.

We don’t really discuss extradition cases. In broader terms, I’d have to check and see whether we have an active extradition treaty with Moscow.

QUESTION: I don’t believe you do.

MR. TONER: Okay, thank you. I don’t know what else to say. I mean, we’ll check into the case for you. I’m not up to speed on it.

Yeah, go ahead.

QUESTION: On Nigeria, do you have any reaction to apparent victory of Goodluck Jonathan as well as any comment on the post-election violence?

MR. TONER: Sure. Well, look, this was an historic event. It’s -- and it was a significant improvement, I would say, over the 2007 presidential election. It’s a real opportunity for the Nigerian people to select their most senior leadership, and it also sets Nigeria on a course towards solidifying and improving its democracy through strong governance and transparent institutions. We certainly congratulate President Goodluck Jonathan on his victory. And, overall, we would assess it as a positive new beginning for Nigeria.

Now, you asked me to speak about the violence, and certainly, we condemn the acts of violence related to the elections and call upon all candidates, political parties, and supporters to respect the results of the elections -- election rather, and channel any grievances or challenges peacefully through established administrative and legal redress.

Yeah. Go ahead (inaudible). Sorry.

QUESTION: On China, what other issues do you plan to raise with China on the Human Rights Dialogue which is taking place over -- I think over the weekend or next week?

MR. TONER: Mm-hmm. Yeah.

QUESTION: I know the -- the Tibetan issue also coming up?

MR. TONER: I mean, we’ve raised -- I know you raised the monastery here in this briefing room and we expressed our concerns about that. We’ve also talked about the recent trend of arrests and detainments of -- or detentions of various civil rights or human rights activists in China. All that is -- will be part of that dialogue.

QUESTION: And one more on Burma. The President last week announced a special envoy on Burma.

MR. TONER: Right.

QUESTION: Can you give us a context why this is for and would it bring any change in the U.S. policy towards Burma? What role he would have there?

MR. TONER: Why -- I’m sorry, why this is --

QUESTION: Yeah.

MR. TONER: Well, I mean, obviously, whenever you name a senior official like this to do something, to lead our efforts in Burma, it elevates the initiative. But we remain committed to our two-track approach to Burma and the engagement door does remain open. We haven’t seen a lot of -- or that hasn’t borne a lot of fruit, admittedly, but it continues to be an option. So we’re -- hopefully, it will add new impetus to our outreach to Burma. But also, again, this is an individual who can also underscore our deep, deep concerns about the authoritative rule there.

QUESTION: Thank you.

MR. TONER: Okay.

QUESTION: Isn’t that job mandated by Congress?

MR. TONER: It is certainly mandated by Congress, and he will be --

QUESTION: So --

MR. TONER: If confirmed, yes.

QUESTION: And if confirmed -- well, the reason that he was -- the reason that the appointment was made was because it had been vacant.

MR. TONER: True.

QUESTION: Since it was created.

MR. TONER: True. True, absolutely. But, I mean, obviously, yeah, based on his confirmation, he’s been named and he’ll have to be nominated and confirmed by the Senate.

QUESTION: One more?

MR. TONER: Yeah, sure.

QUESTION: Burma is looking for the ASEAN leadership in 2014. Are you working to work with Asian countries with Burma the head of the countries?

MR. TONER: I’m sorry. You said they’re looking for?

QUESTION: Looking for to become the leader of -- chair of the ASEAN countries in 2014 --

MR. TONER: I mean, obviously, we would have concerns about Burma --

QUESTION: -- heading ASEAN?

MR. TONER: -- in any kind of leadership role, because of their poor human rights record and domestically, I don’t have any more comment beyond that.

QUESTION: Thank you.

MR. TONER: Yeah. In the back.

QUESTION: Thank you. Today, China’s foreign ministry urges the U.S. to take the responsible measures to protect its debt investors because of S and – Standard & Poor’s threatened to lower its credit rating of the U.S.

MR. TONER: Yeah. You mentioned the Standard & Poor, and then what was the first part of your question? I didn’t quite --

QUESTION: Yeah. China’s foreign ministry today, they urged U.S. to take a responsive measure to protect its investors.

MR. TONER: Well, China’s – their comments aside, I mean, this is obviously something – an issue that we’re working quite hard to address here domestically, and obviously, very aware that this is an issue, and anyone who has followed U.S. politics over the past couple of months knows that both parties are working diligently to address it.

Yeah, go ahead.

QUESTION: On that same subject, Mark, what would you assess is the reaction – or the result of that decision by Standard & Poor’s? I mean, the signal that it sends internationally, what are the implications internationally for that?

MR. TONER: Well, look, lots of financial experts who are far smarter about this stuff than I am have already commented on it. But obviously, the debt remains an issue for the United States. As I said, it’s one that both parties are very much aware of and that we’re working domestically to address. But we believe that America still has the strongest economy around the globe.

Yeah, go ahead.

QUESTION: Just quick one on Nepal, Mark. Deputy prime minister of Nepal was here and, of course, several meetings. Was that issue also discussed because of the political turmoil and also most problems still there – as their terrorism is concerned? Because that’s the major issue for them to date, how to have a peace – permanent peace in the region and also in Nepal. Was that – was a discussion also among other things?

MR. TONER: I can imagine it was part of the discussion, was how to support the Nepalese Government in trying to move forward on many fronts, but obviously, in extending the peace there. But I can try to get a better readout of that.

QUESTION: I mean if U.S. offered any help.

MR. TONER: I’m not sure that we’ve offered any concrete assistance beyond what our current assistance levels are. I’ll check into it for you, Goyal.

QUESTION: Thank you, sir.

MR. TONER: Yeah, in the back there. Yeah.

QUESTION: Today in Egypt, the Grand Sheikh of al-Azhar calling the U.S. Administration to consider the release of Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman, so – and even the Jemaah Islamiya for sometimes calling the same after the Egyptian revolution to release him from prison in New York. How do you react to such --

MR. TONER: I’ll have to look into it. I’m not aware of the comments, so I’ll get back to you on that.

Yeah, go ahead.

QUESTION: Have there been any developments on the peace process front in advance of Netanyahu coming? And also, is anyone at State talking to the Palestinians about their plan to declare statehood or get statehood recognized at the UN in September?

MR. TONER: Well, Nicole, we continue to talk to, obviously, the Palestinians and the Israelis. And I know David Hale was in the region a little more than a week ago. I’m not sure where Senator Mitchell is. I believe he’s in New York but remains in contact with the parties. Obviously, we continue to press both sides to begin talking again and in direct negotiations. That continues to be our belief. And speaking to your second question about unilateral declaration, we’ve been very transparent in saying that we don’t believe it’s a good idea, we don’t believe it’s helpful.

QUESTION: Does that mean you’ll veto it? You, the U.S.?

MR. TONER: Again, I don’t want to preview how we might vote, but we don’t view it as a helpful step.

Go ahead.

QUESTION: On (inaudible)?

MR. TONER: Yeah. Go ahead.

QUESTION: Yeah, do you have any comment on a --

MR. TONER: I’m sorry.

QUESTION: -- UN report on Sri Lanka in which --

QUESTION: (Inaudible.)

MR. TONER: Go ahead, let’s finish that. That’s okay. I’ll get to you.

QUESTION: Okay.

QUESTION: Do you have – did you – have you talked about Speaker Boehner’s invitation to Prime Minister Netanyahu to come speak to Congress? Have you?

MR. TONER: Oh, to speak – to address Congress. I have not.

QUESTION: Well, I’m asking you, what do you think of it now? What does the Administration think of this invitation?

MR. TONER: In terms of – it’s – I mean, it’s a congressional invitation.

QUESTION: Exactly.

MR. TONER: I don’t know much more about it than – I know the offer was extended and --

QUESTION: Well, do you think it’s a good thing if he comes and speaks to Congress, or would you prefer that there be a little bit more progress before --

MR. TONER: Well, again, I --

QUESTION: -- or any progress before he comes and makes a big speech?

MR. TONER: Well, again, his visit will be an opportunity to address all these issues, and certainly, him speaking to Congress will allow him to talk about some of these issues, to our Legislative Branch, which is an important part of our Middle – overall Middle East policy. So --

QUESTION: Well, it is, except that the Executive Branch sets foreign policy for this (inaudible) and not the Congress.

MR. TONER: I understand that, but I’m saying that – I guess what I’m saying is --

QUESTION: So would you like to know what he’s going to say to Congress before he comes and says it?

MR. TONER: Well, certainly, but --

QUESTION: Yes?

MR. TONER: We – again --

QUESTION: Yes, you would?

MR. TONER: What he’s going to say?

QUESTION: Yes. I mean, do you want him to come here and give a speech that surprises you in any way, shape, or form?

MR. TONER: Look, we’re in close contact with the Israeli Government and with Prime Minister Netanyahu’s office and have good communications with them. It’s his decision, obviously, to – whether to address Congress. We believe it’s always useful to have him come and talk about these issues.

Yeah. In the back.

QUESTION: Just to follow up on the U.S.-China S&ED, what else – issues on the top of the agenda does U.S. Government want to address?

MR. TONER: On the human rights side or on --

QUESTION: Other than human rights.

MR. TONER: Well, there’s obviously a broad array of issues in this bilateral relationship. Human rights is just one component, but obviously – I think you just asked me about the economic side of it and also the political side of it. There’s lots to talk about with China. I mean, they’re a major power in the region, and our relationship with them is broad and complex and touches on many different (inaudible).

Yeah. Go ahead, Lalit.

QUESTION: (Inaudible) the UN report on Sri Lanka in which – which finds both the Sri Lankan Government and LTTE responsible for violation of human rights.

MR. TONER: I think I talked a little bit about here last week.

QUESTION: But this was released (inaudible) --

MR. TONER: Yeah. I mean, look, we’ve – the Sri Lankan Government has taken some steps to address accountability. We believe it should take advantage of the UN’s report and the UN’s offer of these panel of experts and that it would be helpful to, as I said, take advantage of their expertise in order to complete this process.

QUESTION: (Inaudible).

MR. TONER: Yeah. Sure, go ahead.

QUESTION: What, if anything, do you think of the changes that were made today by the Cuban – in Cuba by the Communist Party? Do these changes bode well for future – for the future of U.S.-Cuba relations?

MR. TONER: You’re talking about the term limits?

QUESTION: I’m talking about term limits, I’m talking about the appointment of new or rather old people to new seats.

MR. TONER: Yeah. I mean --

QUESTION: To new positions.

MR. TONER: -- it’s an internal process there. We remain focused on getting more – getting the Cuban people more access to freedom of information and other aspects. But no comment on this (inaudible).

QUESTION: So no hearty welcome like you gave to the Nigerians?

MR. TONER: No hearty welcome. No.

QUESTION: Thank you.

(The briefing was concluded at 2:28 p.m.)

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(Distributed by the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site: http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/iipdigital-en/index.html)